NGOs assisted 44 trafficking victims in 2020, compared with 129 in 2019; 21 victims were female, 23 were male, 26 were exploited for forced labor, 11 were exploited in sex trafficking, and the remaining seven victims were uncategorized. The majority of the victims were exploited in Russia, while 16 were exploited internally in Belarus. NGOs reported some victims were more reluctant to seek assistance and report cases during the pandemic because of the lack of COVID-19 preventative measures at many government facilities.
During and after the presidential campaign of 2020 and throughout 2021, arbitrary arrests, police brutality and torture, and the denial of due process rights continued with impunity. Many lawyers defending political prisoners were disbarred or arrested. Protests require permission from local authorities, who often arbitrarily deny it. The May 2021 amendment to the law on mass events imposes strict authorization requirements and impedes organizers’ ability to raise funds for protests.
- This will help to you to determine whether or not you are compatible.
- “Gender equality is critical in all States parties to the Convention.
- During and after the presidential campaign of 2020 and throughout 2021, arbitrary arrests, police brutality and torture, and the denial of due process rights continued with impunity.
- One of the most prominent women’s organization to emerge was the Women’s Independent Democratic Movement.
In the current functioning contract system, the contract itself is, in fact, a short-term employment agreement. Consequently, it turns out that the contract cannot be canceled due to the employee’s own free will. Let us say in real life it happens that a person has found a better job or vice versa, that family emergency requires you to stay at home for longer – but you are not allowed to. Officially, the contract can be terminated only upon the agreement of the parties, i.e. if the employer is against the dismissal of an employee, then it will be difficult for him/her to be fired. Indeed, Belarus provides a long-term paid maternal leave for childcare (the so-called “maternity leave”). However, the level of these state guarantees, as well as the level of salaries, https://www.crechemaerchenland.com/2023/01/24/croatian-women/ is very low. Only pregnant women, women with children under 3 years old and with disabled children are more or less protected by law under the contract system.
After she was filmed telling a police officer “I am just out for a walk,” many protesters adopted the slogan. But as Lukashenko struggles to quash the unrest, it appears the government is changing its tactic — cracking down on female protesters. Mirochnik said while she thinks Kolesnikova’s arrest will not slow down the protests, people have taken her detention as “a personal insult.” Kolesnikova, with her signature bleached blonde hair and red lipstick, has walked alongside protesters in rallies, boldly approaching riot police, demanding that mass detentions stop.
Mother’s mean age at first birth
It turns out that a person is still without any severance pay – and everything seems to be according to the law. Moreover, the contract system created by the decree of President Alexander Lukashenko absolutely contradicts the Labor Code of Belarus. As a result, today Belarus is the only country in the world where the absolute majority of employees – about 90% – work on short-term employment contracts, without any guarantees for the future. Nevertheless, there is a range of professions with sufficiently high levels of income that are simply banned for women by law in Belarus.
Protecting Rights, Saving Lives
Mothers can take paid maternity leaves and paid sick-days when their children are https://gardeniaweddingcinema.com/european-women/belarusian-women/ ill. More than 10 percent of the population continue their education in several universities around the country. Literacy level is very high; 98 percent of the population age fifteen and over can read and write. Traditionally, marriage was a matter of mutual consent between the young, but the custom also required the consent of the families involved. Daughters enjoyed considerable freedom and had many opportunities to meet young men.
Women cannot be employed to work with vibro- and pneumatic tools, they are prohibited from working in closed containers and sewage wells. In addition, women cannot produce paint and insulating work in tight compartments and work towards the production of technical products at the meat products production. Women may also not charge and repair acid and alkaline batteries, be a diver, a coppersmith, a bricklayer. However, this diagram illustrates that in the first half of 2017, “female” professions are predominant in terms of the number of laid-off workers, while “male” occupations are higher in terms of the number of recruited employees. Net recruitment and dismissal (-) by type of economic activity in April 2017, persons. As reported by the National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus, only 12.4% of citizens have a monthly income of 600 rubles ($ 310) for the first quarter of this year.
Several times a year there were public gatherings in a larger village or town. The young couple had to live with the husband’s family and often marriage was a compromise.